PrOpacEOS Documentation

On-Line Documentation

PrOpacEOS comes with online documentation and a set of examples that allow users to get started quickly. Many of the user interface windows have Help buttons that go directly to the relevant help page.

PrOpacEOS Reports and Whitepapers

The physics algorithms in PrOpacEOS are the same as those used in PrismSPECT. Readers are referred to PrismSPECT reports and whitepapers for information on atomic processes and spectral modeling.

For examples of utilization of PrOpacEOS data in radiation-hydrodynamics simulations, readers are referred to HELIOS reports and whitepapers.



  • A laser parameter study on enhancing proton generation from microtube foil targets. J. Strehlow, J. Kim, M. Bailly-Grandvaux, S. Bolanos, H. Smith, A. Haid, E. Alfonso, C. Aniculaesei, H. Chen, T. Ditmire, M. Donovan, S. Hansen, B. Hegelich, H. McLean, H. Quevedo, M. Spinks, F. Beg, Scientific Reports, v. 12, p. 10827 (2022).
  • Generation model of laser-driven magnetic field with consideration of warm-dense-matter properties. Hiroki Morita, Dissertation, Osaka university (2021).
  • Spatial characteristics of spectral intensity of laser induced plasma. S. Chenwei,B. Yang, W. Yuanhang, W. Fang, C. Yachao, W. Xiangzhao, Acta Optica Sinica, v. 41, p. 2130001 (2021).
  • Dynamic compression experiments of SiO2 and GeO2 at synchrotron- and X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) light sources. Markus Scholmerich, Dissertation, Universitat Rostock (2020).
  • Magnetized, laser-driven, plasma experiments at astrophysically relevant conditions, and proton imaging of magnetic fields. Joseph Maurice Levesque, Dissertation, The University of Michigan (2020).
  • Modeling of implosion dynamics and the magneto-Rayleigh-Taylor instability in single and double liner-on-target, gas-puff Z-pinches. Jeff Narkis, Dissertation, West Virginia University (2019).
  • Hydrodynamic motion of electron beam heated warm dense matter. Payson Coy Dieffenbach, Master Thesis, University of Tennessee (2019).
  • Modeling the heating and atomic kinetics of a photoionized neon plasma experiment. Pawel Marek Kozlowski, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oxford (2016).
  • Investigating energy transport in high density plasmas using buried layer targets. Mohammed Shahzad, Dissertation, University of York (2015).
  • Effects of plasma jet parameters, ionization, thermal conduction, and radiation on Sstagnation conditions of an imploding plasma liner. Milos Stanic, Dissertation, The University of Alabama in Huntsville (2013).
  • Research Papers

    • Phase imaging of irradiated foils at the OMEGA EP facility using phase-stepping X-ray Talbot-Lau deflectometry. G. Perez-Callejo, V. Bouffetier, L. Ceurvorst, T. Goudal, S. Klein, D. Svyatskiy, M. Holec, P. Perez-Martin, K. Falk, A. Casner, T. Weber, G. Kagan, M. Valdivia, High Power Laser Sci. Engr., v. 11, (2023).
    • Understanding the fusion yield dependencies in OMEGA DT-layered implosion experiments using a physics-based statistical mapping model. A. Lees, R. Betti, J. Knauer, V. Gopalaswamy, D. Patel, K. Woo, K. Anderson, E. Campbell, D. Cao, J. Carroll-Nellenback, R. Epstein, C. Forrest, V. Goncharov, D. Harding, S. Hu, I. Igumenshchev, R. Janezic, O. Mannion, P. Radha, S. Regan, A. Shvydky, R. Shah, W. Shmayda, C. Stoeckl, W. Theobald, C. Thomas, Phys. Plasmas, v. 30, p. 012709, (2023).
    • Validation of ablation model for polyethylene using pulsed x-ray and proton exposures. N. Moore, J. Sanchez, M. Schaeuble, D. Hinshelwood, A. Harvey-Thompson, C. Myers, B. Jones, B. Franke, J. Appl. Phys., v. 132, p. 235901, (2022).
    • Investigation of resistive magnetic field generation by intense proton beams in dense plasmas. K. Bhutwala, J. Kim, C. McGuffey, M. Sherlock, M. Bailly-Grandvaux, F. Beg, Rev. of Sci. Instr., v. 93, p. 103532, (2022).
    • Nanoscale subsurface dynamics of solids upon high-intensity femtosecond laser irradiation observed by grazing-incidence x-ray scattering. L. Randolph , M. Banjafar, T. Preston, T. Yabuuchi, M. Makita, N. Dover, C. Rodel, S. Gode, Y. Inubushi, G. Jakob, J. Kaa, A. Kon, J. Koga, D. Ksenzov, T. Matsuoka, M. Nishiuchi, M. Paulus, F. Schon, K. Sueda, Y. Sentoku, T. Togashi, M. Bussmann, T. Cowan, M. Klaui, C. Fortmann-Grote, L. Huang, A. Mancuso, T. Kluge, C. Gutt, M. Nakatsutsumi, Phys. Rev. Research, v. 4, p. 033038 (2022).
    • Transport of an intense proton beam from a cone-structured target through plastic foam with unique proton source modeling. K. Bhutwala, C. McGuffey, W. Theobald, O. Deppert, J. Kim, P. Nilson, M. Wei, Y. Ping, M. Foord, H. McLean, P. Patel, A. Higginson, M. Roth, F. Beg, Phys. Rev. E, v. 105, p. 055206 (2022).
    • Code-to-code comparison and validation of the radiation-hydrodynamics capabilities of the FLASH code using a laboratory astrophysical jet. B. Orban, M Fatenejad, D. Lamb, Phys. of Plasmas, v. 29, p. 053901 (2022).
    • Transport of an intense proton beam from a cone-structured target through plastic foam with unique proton source modeling. K. Bhutwala, C. McGuffey, W. Theobald, O. Deppert, J. Kim, P. Nilson, M. Wei, Y. Ping, M. Foord, H. McLean, P. Patel, A. Higginson, M. Roth, F. Beg, Phys. Rev. E, v. 105, p. 055206 (2022).
    • Experimental Investigation of Voltage Generation Mechanism of Laser-Driven Coil. R. Takizawa, H. Morita, K. Matsuo, K. Law, C. Liu, Y. Arikawa, S. Fujioka, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. v. 91, p. 064501 (2022).
    • High repetition rate exploration of the Biermann battery effect in laser produced plasmas over large spatial regions. J. Pilgram, M. Adams, C. Constantin, P. Heuer, S. Ghazaryan, M. Kaloyan, R. Dorst, D. Schaeffer, P. Tzeferacos, C. Niemann, High Power Laser Science and Engineering, v. 10, e13 (2022).
    • Nanosecond laser shock detonation of nanodiamonds: from laser-matter interaction to graphite-to-diamond phase transition. X. Zang, H. Sun, B. Mao, R. Dai, H. Zhuang, Y. Liao, Q. Nian, Int. J. Extrem. Manuf., v. 4, p. 015401,(2022).
    • Coupled modeling approach for laser shock peening of AA2198-T3: from plasma and shock wave simulation to residual stress prediction. V. Pozdnyakov, S. Keller, N. Kashaev, B. Klusemann, J. Oberrath, Metals, v. 12, p. 2010107 (2022).
    • Measuring the structure and equation of state of polyethylene terephthalate at megabar pressures. J. Lutgert, J. Vorberger, N. Hartley, K. Voigt, M. Rodel, A. Schuster, A. Benuzzi-Mounaix, S. Brown, T. Cowan, E. Cunningham, T. Doppner, R. Falcone, L. Fletcher, E. Galtier, S. Glenzer, A. Laso Garcia, D. Gericke, P. Heimann, H. Lee, E. McBride, A. Pelka, I. Prencipe, A. Saunders, M. Scholmerich, M. Schorner, P. Sun, T. Vinci, A. Ravasio, D. Kraus, Nature Sci. Rep., v. 11, p. 12883 (2021).
    • Review on laser interaction in confined regime: discussion about the plasma source term for laser shock applications and simulations. A. Rondepierre, A. Sollier, L. Videau, L. Berthe, Metals, v. 11, p. 2032 (2021).
    • Fast electron transport dynamics and energy deposition in magnetized, imploded cylindrical plasma. D. Kawahito, M. Bailly-Grandvaux, M. Dozieres, C. McGuffey, P. Forestier-Colleoni, J. Peebles, J. Honrubia, B. Khiar, S. Hansen, P. Tzeferacos, M. Wei, C. Krauland, P. Gourdain, J. Davies, K. Matsuo, S. Fujioka, E. Campbell, J. Santos, D. Batani, K. Bhutwala, S. Zhang, F. Beg, Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A, Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, v. 379, p. 20200052, (2020).
    • Opacity calculation for aluminum, iron, and gold plasmas using FLYCHK code. M. Cho, K. Matsuo, S. Fujioka, S. Hahn, B. Cho, H. Chung, J. of QSRT, Vol. 257, p. 107369, (2020).
    • Meter-scale, conditioned hydrodynamic optical-field-ionized plasma channels. A. Picksley, A. Alejo, R. Shalloo, C. Arran, A. von Boetticher, L. Corner, J. Holloway, J. Jonnerby, O. Jakobsson, C. Thornton, R. Walczak, S. Hooker, Phys. Rev. E, Vol. 102, p. 053201, (2020).
    • Femtosecond laser produced periodic plasma in a colloidal crystal probed by XFEL radiation. N. Mukharamova, S. Lazarev, J. Meijer, O. Gorobtsov, A. Singer, M. Chollet, M. Bussmann, D. Dzhigaev, Y. Feng, M. Garten, A. Huebl, T. Kluge, R. Kurta, V. Lipp, R. Santra, M. Sikorski, S. Song, G. Williams, D. Zhu, B. Ziaja-Motyka, T. Cowan, A. Petukhov, I. Vartanyants, Nature, Scientific Reports, Vol. 10, p. 10780, (2020).
    • Parameterizing hot electron energy distributions for tabular emissivities and opacities. T. Walton, J. Sebald, I. Golovkin, J. MacFarlane, V. Golovkina, A. Solodov, P. Nilson, R. Epstein, High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 35, p. 1-6, (2020).
    • Modeling hydrodynamics, magnetic fields and synthetic radiographs for high-energy-density plasma flows in shock-shear targets. Y. Lu, S. Li, H. Li, K. Flippo, D. Barnak, A. Birkel, B. Lahmann, C. Li, A. Rasmus, K. Kelso, A. Zylstra, E. Liang, P. Tzeferacos, D. Lamb, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 27, p. 012303 (2020).
    • Femtosecond laser produced periodic plasma in a colloidal crysal probed by XFEL radiation. N. Mukharamova, S. Lazarev, J. Meijer, O. Gorobtsov, A. Singer, M. Chollet, M. Bussmann, D. Dzhigaev, Y. Feng, M. Garten, A. Huebl, T. Kluge, R. Kurta, V. Lipp, R. Santra, M. Sikorski, S. Song, G. Williams, D. Zhu, B. Ziaja-Motyka, T. Cowan, A. Petukhov, I. Vartanyants, Soft Condensed Matter, arXiv:1911.03752 (2019).
    • Influence of magnetic field and density of environment on collimation of laboratory jet. N. Shatalov, V. Chechetkin, I. Kalashnikov, V. Krauz, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., Vol. 1390, p. 012069 (2019).
    • Design of a single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor instability experiment in the highly nonlinear regime. G. Malamud, L. Elgin, T. Handy, C. Huntington, R. Drake, D. Shvarts, A. Shimony, C. Kuranz, High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 32, p. 18-30, (2019).
    • Hybrid particle-in-cell simulations of laser-driven plasma interpenetration, heating, and entrainment. D. Higginson, P. Amendt, N. Meezan, W. Riedel, H. Rinderknecht, S. Wilks, G. Zimmerman, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, p. 112107 (2019).
    • Design of a new turbulent dynamo experiment on the OMEGA-EP, A. Liao, S. Li, H. Li, K. Flippo, D. Barnak, K. Van Kelso, C. Fiedler Kawaguchi, A. Rasmus, S. Klein, J. Levesque, C. Kuranz, C. Li, Physics of Plasmas, v. 26, p. 032306, (2019).
    • Simulation study of the influence of experimental variations on the structure and quality of plasma liners, W. Shih, R. Samulyak, S. Hsu, S. Langendorf, K. Yates, Y. Thio, Physics of Plasmas, v. 26, p. 032704, (2019).
    • Constraining preheat energy deposition in MagLIF experiments with multi-frame shadowgraphy. A. Harvey-Thompson, M. Geissel, C. Jennings, M. Weis, M. Gomez, J. Fein, D. Ampleford, G. Chandler, M. Glinsky, K. Hahn, S. Hansen, E. Harding, P. Knapp, R. aguio, L. Perea, K. Peterson, J. Porter, P. Rambo, G. Robertson, G. Rochau, C. Ruiz, J. Schwarz, J. Shores, D. Sinars, S. Slutz, G. Smith, I. Smith, C. Speas, K. Whittemore, D. Woodbury, Physics of Plasmas, v. 26, p. 032707, (2019).
    • Numerical simulation of magnetized jet creation using a hollow ring of laser beams. Y. Lu, P. Tzeferacos, E. Liang, R. Follett, L. Gao, A. Birkel, D. Froula, W. Fu, H. Ji, D. Lamb, C. Li, H. Sio, R. Petrasso, M. Wei, Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, p. 022902 (2019).
    • Laboratory analog of heavy jets impacting a denser medium in Herbig–Haro (HH) objects. G. Liang, J. Zhong, H. Wei, D. Yuan, Z. Zhang, C. Wang, B. Han, B. Zhu, W. Jiang, J. Peng, T. Tao, G. Hu, F. Wang, X. Gao, B. Zhu, J. Zhu, X. Ma, Y. Li, G. Zhao, J. Zhang, The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 868, p. 56 (2018).
    • Simulated laser-induced breakdown spectra of graphite and synthetic shergottite glass under Martian conditions. E. Ewusi-Annan, D. Surmick, N. Melikechi, R. Wiens, Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 148, p. 31-43, (2018).
    • Anomalous material-dependent transport of focused, laser-driven proton beams. J. Kim, C. McGuffey, D. Gautier, A. Link, G. Kemp, E. Giraldez, M. Wei, R. Stephens, S. Kerr, P. Poole, R. Madden, B. Qiao, M. Foord, Y. Ping, H. McLean, J. Fernandez, F. Beg, Nature Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, p. 17538 (2018).
    • Physics criteria for a subscale plasma liner experiment. S. Hsu, F. Thio, J. of Fusion Energy, s10894-018-0154-5, (2018).
    • Laboratory photoionization fronts in nitrogen gas: a numerical feasibility and parameter study. W. Gray, P. Keiter, H. Lefevre, C. Patterson, J. Davis, B. van Der Holst, K. Powell, R. Drake, The Astrophysical Journal Vol. 858 (1), (2018).
    • Magnetized plasma target for plasma-jet-driven magneto-intertial fusion. S. Hsu, S. Langendorf, J. Fusion Energy, pp. 1 - 17 (2018).
    • Measurements of ionization states in warm dense aluminum with betatron radiation. M. Mo, Z. Chen, S. Fourmaux, A. Saraf, S. Kerr, K. Otani, R. Masoud, J.-C. Kieffer, Y. Tsui, A. Ng, R. Fedosejevs, Phys. Rev. E, vol. 95, p. 053208 (2017).
    • Experimental study of the interaction of two laser-driven radiative shocks at the PALS laser. R. Singh, C. Stehle, F. Suzuki-Vidal, M. Kozlova, J. Larour, U. Chaulagain, T. Clayson et al., High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 23, pp. 20-30 (2017).
    • Comparison between Kelvin-Helmholtz instability experiments on OMEGA and simulation results using the CRASH code. E. Rutter, M. Grosskopf, G. Malamud, C. Kuranz, E. Harding, P. Keiter, R. Drake, High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 9, p. 148-151, (2013).
    • Simulations of radiative effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability using the CRASH code. M. Trantham, C. Kuranz, G. Malamud, M. Grosskopf, E. Myra, R. Drake, A. Miles, H. Park, B. Remington, High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 9, p. 303-308, (2013).
    • Simulation of laser-driven, ablated plasma flows in collisionless shock experiments on OMEGA and the NIF. M. Grosskopf, R. Drake, C. Kuranz, E. Rutter, J. Ross, N. Kugland, C. Plechaty, B. Remington, A. Spitkovsky, L. Gargate, G. Gregori, A. Bell, C. Murphy, J. Meinecke, B. Reville, Y. Sakawa, Y. Kuramitsu, H. Takabe, D. Froula, G. Fiksel, F. Miniati, M. Koenig, A. Ravasio, E. Liang, W. Fu, N. Woolsey, H. Park, High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 9, p. 192-197, (2013).
    • One-dimensional radiation-hydrodynamic simulations of imploding spherical plasma liners with detailed equation-of-state modeling. J. Davis, S. Hsu, I. Golovkin, J. MacFarlane, J. Cassibry, Phys. Plasmas, Vol. 19, p. 102701 (2012).
    • Dependence of the cutoff in lithium plasma harmonics on the delay between the prepulse and the main pulse. M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. Ganeev, L. Elouga Bom, H. Kuroda, T. Ozaki, Journal of Physics B, Vol. 45, Issue 6, p. 065601 (2012).
    • Numerical simulation of plasma dynamics in laser shock processing experiments. M. Morales, J. Porro, M. Blasco, C. Molpeceres, J. Ocana, Applied Surface Science, Vol. 255, p. 5181-5185, (2009).
    • Model based optimization criteria for the generation of deep compressive residual stress fields in high elastic limit metallic alloys by ns-laser shock processing. M. Morales, J. Ocana, C. Molpeceres, J. Porro, A. Garcia-Beltran, Surface & Coatings Technology, Vol. 202, p. 2257-2262, (2008).
    • SESAME: the Los Alamos National Laboratory equation of state database. S. Lyon, J. Johnson, LANL Technical Report LA-UR-92-3407, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (1992).
    • A new quotidian equation of state (QEOS) for hot dense matter. R. More, K. Warren, D. Young, G. Zimmerman, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 31, p. 3059 (1988).

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